One of the most important features of the Roman city, as the famous architect Vitrevius vitruvius told us in his famous encyclopaedia De architectura that we cannot call the Roman city the word polis in the sense of a city without the presence of buildings for public baths.
Roman baths have been transformed from private buildings attached to the homes of the wealthy to public buildings frequented by all and no less important than theatres🎭 and over time public bathroom buildings are no longer only a bathing place 🛁 but also a place of entertainment where libraries📙 and a place to exercise 🏃 are added.
The central or basic layout of the Roman public baths:
- A cold-water room called Frigedarium.
A lukewarm water room called Tepidarium.
A hot water room called Caldarium.
The temperature gradually increases.
A development later and a changing room was added🧥 before the cold water room was named Opodyterium
Then a fifth stone was added before the hot water room, a sauna or steam room, named Sudetarium.
Sometimes the room removes the lukewarm water and is replaced by a hot steam room🚿
- It is worth mentioning that the roman entrance is broken for the consideration of privacy so it is not facing the road and it was thought that this phenomenon.
Heating system 🔥water in Roman baths:
The initial method: automated heating known as Hypocaust.
Created in the second century AD and in which the floor of the last two chambers is raised with brick supports 🧱 connecting pottery tubes to another central area is the furnace to heat the floor of the two other chambers and uses in this way two ovens, one for the hot water chamber and the other for the lukewarm water chamber in order to change the percentage of the heater.
Method Two: Hollow Walls Method.
They connect heating pipes🧪 huge twice the normal size.
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